Environmental health refers to the relationship between the environment and human health, including the effects of environmental factors on human health and the impact of human activities on the environment. Sustainability refers to the responsible use of resources to meet the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Environmental health and sustainability are closely related because the health of the environment is essential for human health and well-being. Environmental factors such as air and water quality, exposure to toxic substances, and climate change can all affect human health.
Sustainable practices, such as reducing waste, conserving energy and water, and promoting the use of renewable resources, can help protect the environment and promote human health. For example, reducing air pollution can help prevent respiratory diseases, conserving water can help prevent waterborne diseases, and promoting sustainable agriculture can help improve the quality and safety of the food supply.
Environmental health and sustainability also involve social and economic factors, such as promoting social equity and reducing economic disparities. By addressing environmental health and sustainability issues, we can create a healthier and more sustainable world for ourselves and future generations.