Physical fitness refers to the ability of the body’s systems to function efficiently and effectively, enabling us to carry out our daily activities without undue fatigue and with ample energy for leisure and recreational pursuits. Exercise is one of the key ways to improve physical fitness.
Endurance or aerobic exercise is a physical activity that increases the heart rate and breathing rate, such as running, swimming, cycling, or brisk walking. It improves cardiovascular endurance and helps to reduce the risk of chronic diseases like heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.
Strength or resistance exercise involves using weights, resistance bands, or body weight to build muscle strength and endurance. It helps to increase muscle mass, bone density, and metabolic rate, which in turn can help to reduce the risk of osteoporosis, diabetes, and obesity.
Exercise is any physical activity that is planned, structured, and repetitive and is designed to improve or maintain physical fitness. It can be categorized into four types: endurance or aerobic exercise, strength or resistance exercise, balance exercise, and flexibility or stretching exercise.
Flexibility or stretching exercise involves moving the joints through their full range of motion, improving muscle and joint flexibility and preventing injury. Examples include stretching exercises, yoga, and Pilates.